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第482期
(2022/4/11出刊)
二戰後最大危機
糧倉開戰 敲全球饑荒警鐘

  The head of the World Food Program warned Russia’s invasion of Ukraine could lead to the worst global food crisis since World War II. David Beasley, the U.N. food chief told the Security Council that many of the Ukrainian farmers are now fighting Russians instead of tending to their crops during the planting season. The development could diminish Ukraine’s harvest by 50% and have a global impact “beyond anything we’ve seen since World War II.”
  Beasley said 50% of the grain it purchases to feed 125 million people around the world comes from Ukraine, and warned that it will have to start cutting rations in war-torn areas like Yemen. He said, “The last thing we want to do is take food from hungry children to give to starving children.”
  The U.S. blamed the food crisis on Russia, accusing it of blocking access to Ukrainian ports to cut off exports of grain and of bombing civilian ships carrying food.

 世界糧食計畫署(WFP)負責人警告,俄羅斯入侵烏克蘭可能導致二戰以來最嚴重的全球糧食危機。聯合國轄下的世界糧食計畫署負責人比斯利告訴聯合國安理會,許多烏克蘭農民正在與俄羅斯人作戰,無法在農耕季節照料作物。這個現象可讓烏克蘭的收成銳減百分之五十,並對全球產生衝擊,程度之大「超出我們自二戰以來所見。」
 比斯利說,世界糧食計畫署為養活全球一億兩千五百萬挨餓人口而向俄烏等國採購糧食,其中百分之五十來自烏克蘭。他警告,世界糧食計畫署可能得開始削減對葉門等戰亂區的糧食配給。
 他說:「我們最不想做的事是拿走挨餓小孩的食物,轉而餵給快餓死的小孩。」
 美國將糧食危機歸咎於俄羅斯,指責俄國封鎖烏克蘭港口,切斷糧食出口,並指控俄國轟炸運送糧食的民用船隻。