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第477期
(2022/3/7出刊)
俄侵烏克蘭 美日歐斬金脈

  Russian President Putin recognized the independence of two separatist regions in Eastern Ukraine, Donetsk and Luhansk, a day before it launched a full-scale attack of Ukraine on February 24th. Putin’s move is exacerbating the tensions with the West.
 In response, the US imposed new economic sanctions targeting Russia’s sovereign debt and two large Russian financial institutions. It means Russia can no longer raise money. The European Union, the UK, and Japan also joined the US-led sanctions, including freezing the assets of some Russian elites as well as restricting travels of Russian politicians.
 Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline is also being used as a weapon against Russia. Germany has halted the approval process of it. Without certification, the $11 billion pipeline running from Siberia to Germany cannot go into operation. Since Russia accounts for more than 42% of EU gas imports, gas price soared following Germany’s decision.

 俄羅斯總統蒲亭承認了烏克蘭東部兩個分離地區——頓內茨克和盧甘斯克為獨立實體,並在隔天二月二十四日對烏克蘭發動全面攻擊。蒲亭此舉加劇了與西方的緊張關係。
 美國對此回應,針對俄羅斯主權債務和兩家大型俄羅斯金融機構祭出新的經濟制裁。這等於是切斷俄羅斯的募資管道。歐盟、英國、日本也加入美國為首的制裁行列,制裁措施包括凍結一些俄羅斯精英的資產,以及對俄國一些政治人物祭出旅遊禁令。
 北溪二號天然氣輸氣管線也被作為武器,對抗俄國。德國已中止北溪二號天然氣管線的審核程序,少了認證,造價一百一十億美元,從西伯利亞輸送天然氣到德國的北溪二號,無法開始營運。由於俄國天然氣進口歐洲的占比超過百分之四十二,在德國做出這項決定後,天然氣價格飆漲。