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第476期
(2022/2/28出刊)
澳洲國寶 無尾熊陷絕種危機

  The Australian government declared the koala an endangered species in NSW, Victoria and Queensland on February 11th, as drought, bush fires, disease and habitat loss have drastically reduced its numbers. This animal is an emblem of the country’s unique wildlife.
 The announcement came two years after a parliamentary inquiry predicted that koalas could be extinct by 2050 without urgent government intervention. Environmentalists welcomed the koalas’ new status, but condemned Australia’s failure to protect the species.
 The koala was listed as “vulnerable” in 2012, and it wasn't until the 2019 massive bush fires destroyed the animal's habitats across Australia, that its plight gained the global attention it deserves.
 Additionally, Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced last month that the government would commit 50 million Australian dollars over four years to koala recovery and conservation efforts.

 澳洲政府二月十一日宣布將新南威爾斯州、維多利亞州和昆士蘭州的無尾熊列瀕危物種,澳洲的代表性野生動物無尾熊,在乾旱、林火、疾病和棲息地喪失的衝擊下,數量大幅減少。
 兩年前澳洲國會一項調查報告預估,如果政府不出手干預,無尾熊可能在二○五○年絕種,但直到現在,政府才做出這項宣布。環境保育人士十分歡迎調整無尾熊新地位的決定,但也譴責政府未能好好加以保育。
 無尾熊在二○一二年列為「易危物種」,直到二○一九年大規模森林野火肆虐澳洲土地,摧毀無尾熊棲地,牠的處境才獲得應有的全球關注。
 此外,總理莫里森上個月也宣布,未來四年政府將撥款五千萬澳元,投入無尾熊復育和保育工作。