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第393期
(2020/7/2出刊)
極端溫差創金氏紀錄 北極圈小鎮飆38度高溫

 The temperature in Russia’s Arctic town Verkhoyansk hit 38 degress Celsius on June 20th. The small town, located above the Arctic Circle in the Sakha Republic, recorded a new high temperature amid a heat wav and severe forest fires. The hottest temperature, if accurate, shows the Arctic is warming at more than twice the rate of the rest of the globe.
 The town of about 1,300 residents is recognized by the Guinness World Records for the most extreme temperature range, with a low of -68 °C and a previous high of 37.2 °C.Much of Siberia this year has had high temperatures, leading to sizable wildfires. They have accelerated the melting of snow and ice and contributed to permafrost melt. A massive oil spill is also thought to have been caused by melting permafrost.

 俄羅斯的北極圈小鎮維爾霍揚斯克在六月二十日測得攝氏三十八度的高溫。此小鎮位於北極圈內的俄羅斯薩哈共和國,熱浪和嚴重的森林大火使其溫度創下新高。這次測到的最高溫,如果屬實,顯示北極圈一帶的暖化速度是全球其他地區的兩倍以上。
 維爾霍揚斯克約有一千三百名住戶,因最極端的冷熱溫差被列入金氏世界紀錄。當地曾測到攝氏零下六十八度最低溫,過去測到的最高溫紀錄是攝氏三十七點二度。今年西伯利亞的大部分地區都出現異常高溫,導致大規模的野火,不僅加快了雪和冰的融化速度,也導致永久凍土融化。人們也認為,大量的漏油是肇因於永久凍土融化。