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第392期
(2020/6/25出刊)
北韓炸毀兩韓聯辦 對立情勢升高 南韓統一部長請辭

 North Korea blew up an inter-Korean liaison office building on June 16th. This is the latest sign that the relationship between the longtime adversaries is rapidly breaking down. The office was located in the town of Kaesong, just north of the demilitarized zone ( DMZ ) that divides the two Koreas. The four-story building was completely destroyed by a terrific explosion. The liaison office had been closed since January 30th due to the novel coronavirus pandemic, so no South Korean staff were in the building at the time. North Korea framed its decision to destroy the liaison office as a retaliatory measure after a group of defectors used balloons to send anti-North Korean leaflets north of the DMZ.
 South Korea expressed “strong regret” and will “not endure” further insults or aggression from the North, Seoul’s presidential Blue House said in a series of statements. The South Korean unification minister took responsibility for the worsening of inter-Korean relations and offered his resignation on June 17th over the sharp rise in tensions. The US State Department urged North Korea to refrain from any further actions, while the EU also called for restraint and condemned Pyongyang’s decision to blow up the building as “unacceptable”.

 北韓在六月十六日炸毀了兩韓聯絡辦公室,長期以來對峙的南北韓關係正急劇惡化。兩韓聯絡辦公室位於兩韓交界非軍事區北邊的開城,這棟四層樓建築在巨大爆炸中灰飛煙滅。由於新冠肺炎疫情,兩韓聯絡辦公室自一月三十日起關閉,因此爆炸時沒有南韓人員在裡面。北韓方面聲稱決定炸毀兩韓聯絡辦公室,是為了報復一群脫北者利用空飄氣球,朝非軍事區北部發送反北韓傳單。
 南韓青瓦臺在一連串聲明中指出,對此感到「強烈遺憾」,且「無法再忍容北韓的侮辱和挑釁」。南韓統一部長在六月十七日提出辭呈,為急劇惡化的兩韓關係負責。美國國務院敦促北韓勿再輕舉妄動,歐盟也呼籲北韓自制,譴責其炸毀 兩韓聯絡辦公室的決定「令人難以接受」。