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第391期
(2020/6/18出刊)
潛入海底最深處 女太空人再創紀錄

 Kathy Sullivan, America’s first female spacewalker, is now also the first woman to reach the deepest point of the ocean. Sullivan, 68, reached the bottom of the Challenger Deep, the bottom of the Mariana Trench, and safely returned in her submersible vessel on June 8th.
 More than 550 people have visited space. Just eight people have reached Challenger Deep. But only one person has done both: Kathy Sullivan. She made a call at the bottom of the ocean to the astronauts aboard the International Space Station. “As a hybrid oceanographer and astronaut this was an extraordinary day, a once in a lifetime day,” she said.
 Challenger Deep sits at a depth of 10,928 meters in the western Pacific Ocean. Sullivan and her co-pilot Vescovo spent about 10 hours aboard the Limiting Factor, a two-person submersible. It took four hours to descend to the crushing depth of 10,928 meters. They spent 1.5 hours on the ocean floor, then another four hours ascending.

 美國第一位完成太空漫步的女性太空人凱薩琳.蘇利文如今也成為第一位到達海底最深處的女性。現年六十八歲的蘇利文六月八日搭乘潛艇抵達「挑戰者深淵」——馬里亞納海溝的最深處,並安全返回陸面。
 至今有超過五百五十人上過太空,僅有八人抵達挑戰者深淵,而蘇利文是唯一完成這兩項壯舉的人。抵達馬里亞納海溝底部時,她打了一通電話給在國際太空站的太空人報喜訊。她說:「對身為海洋學家與太空人的我而言,這是不凡的一天,是一生中絕無僅有的一天。」
 挑戰者深淵位於西太平洋,深度達一萬零九百二十八公尺。蘇利文和她的搭檔維斯科沃搭乘名為「限制因素」的雙座探索潛艇,全程大約十小時,先花四小時下降到最深處,在海底待了約一個半小時,然後費時四小時升到陸面。