top
第258期
(2017/10/19出刊)
2017諾貝爾獎
醫學獎得主 揭生理時鐘機制
物理獎得主 證實重力波存在

 The 2017 Nobel Prize for Medicine has been awarded to three American scientists. Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young were awarded for their discoveries of the molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm. Circadian rhythms influence sleep, behavior, hormone levels, body temperature and metabolism.
 Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish and Kip Thorne won the Nobel Prize in physics. A century ago, Albert Einstein figured out gravitational waves existed but couldn't observe them. Weiss, Barish and Thorne observed them for the first time, so the Royal Swedish Academy of Science honored them.
 Three scientists — Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson — have won the Nobel Prize for chemistry for their work to simplify and improve the imaging of biomolecules. The scientists developed a way to generate threedimensional images of molecules, which has brought biochemistry "into a new era."
 The winners will receive their prizes at a ceremony in Stockholm, Sweden on December 10. The prize comes with 9 million kronor (about NTD 33million).

 2017 年諾貝爾醫學獎頒給3 名美國科 學家:霍爾、羅斯貝許和楊恩,肯定他 們發現了人體控制日夜節律(生理時鐘 )的分子機制。日夜節律會影響睡眠、 行為、荷爾蒙分泌、體溫和代謝等。
 魏斯、巴利許與索恩3 人獲得物理獎 殊榮。早在100 年前,愛因斯坦就指出 重力波存在,但一直未被觀測到。這3 名科學家首度觀測到重力波,瑞典皇家 科學院因此將物理獎頒給他們。
 諾貝爾化學獎由杜伯謝、法蘭克、韓 德森3 名科學家共享,因為他們簡化並 改善了生物分子的成像。這3 名科學家 發明了可讓分子呈現3D 立體圖的技術 ,讓生化領域「進入新紀元」。
 頒獎典禮預計12 月10 日在瑞典斯德 哥爾摩舉行,得獎者將出席領獎。每個 獎項的獎金是900 萬瑞典克朗(約新臺 幣3,300 萬)。