本期最新導覽

第223期(2017/02/16出刊)

川普旅行禁令 美引爆司法戰

 The U.S. appeals court denied the Justice Department's request to resume President Donald Trump's travel ban on February 5. The court's threejudge panel again upheld their ruling to suspend the ban on February 9. Trump's order temporarily bars citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries —Iraq, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen — from entering the U.S. for 90 days, all refugees for 120 days and indefinitely halts refugees from Syria.
 Washington and Minnesota are suing to invalidate the ban. U.S. District Court Judge James Robart ruled on February 5 to halt enforcement of the order. However, the Justice Department filed an appeal to restore Trump's order, saying that the president alone has the power to decide who can enter or stay in the U.S.
 The court battle is far from over, and an appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court seems likely. Trump has defiantly tweeted, "SEE YOU IN COURT." However, the travel ban itself is to expire in 90 days, meaning it could become invalid before Supreme Court takes up the issue.
 
 美國上訴法院在二月五日駁回司法部要求恢復 川普總統旅行禁令的抗告。二月九日,上訴法院 三名法官組成的合議庭繼續維持暫停行使川普禁 令的原判。川普的行政命令暫時禁止七個穆斯林 為主的國家(伊拉克、敘利亞、伊朗、利比亞、 索馬利亞、蘇丹、葉門)公民入境美國,為期九 十天。此外,暫停所有難民入境一百二十天,並 無限期拒收敘利亞難民。
 華盛頓和明尼蘇達州向法院提告,要求廢除這 項禁令。地方法院法官羅巴特在二月五日裁示, 暫緩執行這項禁令,但是司法部立刻提起上訴, 要求恢復執行川普禁令,表示總統有權決定誰可 入境或留在美國。
 法院攻防戰還有得打,可能要打到最高法院。 川普在推特不服輸的表示:「法院見。」不過, 禁令本身將在九十天後失效;也就是說,也許等 不到最高法院接手此案,禁令可能就已經失效。

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