本期最新導覽

第220期(2017/01/12出刊)

芬蘭啟動社會實驗 失業者月領19000元

 Finland has become the first country in Europe to pay its out-of-work citizens 560 euros every month, or NT$19,000. The unique social experiment is hoped to cut government red tape, reduce poverty and boost jobs.
 Starting January 1, Finland will try it for two years. 2,000 citizens have been randomly picked. They will receive the money every month and they don't even have to report how they spend it.
 "It's highly interesting to see how it makes people behave," said Olli Kangas who is responsible for the plan. "Will this lead them to boldly experiment with different kinds of jobs? Or, as some critics claim, make them lazier with the knowledge of getting a basic income without doing anything?"
 The unemployment rate of Finland stood at 8.1 percent. The average private sector income is 3,500 euros per month — that's a little more than NT$118,300 every month.
 
 芬蘭搶先歐洲各國,成為第一個 支付月薪給失業公民的國家,金額 為五百六十歐元(約新臺幣一萬九 千元)。這個獨一無二的社會實驗 意在簡化政府繁瑣的公文作業、減 少貧窮,以及增加工作機會。
 這項為期兩年的計畫自一月一日 開始上路。兩千名隨機抽中的公民 每月會收到這筆津貼,政府並未要 求他們交代怎麼花掉這筆錢。
 負責這項計畫的官員康格斯表示 :「我們對於這計畫會如何影響民 眾的行為深感興趣。這筆錢會不會 鼓勵他們大膽嘗試新類型工作?或 是會如一些反對者所言,讓他們更 懶得找工作?畢竟他們可以不用工 作就能得到基本薪資。」
 芬蘭目前的失業率是8.1%。私人 企業每月平均薪資是三千五百歐元 ,比新臺幣十一萬八千三百元還多 一點。

訂閱中學生報